Overview of Cord Blood Banking

Description of cord blood banking

Cord blood banking is comprised of a set of clinical and laboratory procedures, including:

  • cord blood collection,
  • cord blood processing, and
  • cryopreservation

Cord blood is a known source of stem cells with existing and experimental medical applications. There are two categories of cord blood banking: Public and private. There is no guarantee when banking with a public bank that the child will be able to obtain his or her cord blood if it is required. Private cord blood banks allow the child’s sample to be retrieved for personal use or use by a sibling or relative.

Indications and Usage of Cord Blood Banking

Cord blood banking is indicated for the treatment of certain leukemias, lymphomas, immunodeficiencies, bone-marrow failure syndromes, and inheritable metabolic disorders that require stem cell therapy.

Cord blood stem cells are considered an emerging substitute for bone marrow stem cell transplantation when a suitable bone marrow donor cannot be identified. In contradistinction to bone marrow, cord blood is collected in a non-invasive manner, associated with a reduced probability of Graft versus Host Disease (GvHD) post-transplantation, and possesses stem cells at an earlier stage of differentiation with greater proliferative activity.

Cord blood banking is a particularly important consideration in minority populations, who have a significantly reduced chance of finding a suitable bone marrow donor. While some patients are required to bank their child’s cord blood for imminent medical use, cord blood banking is generally considered a form of biological insurance. Of particular interest is the rapid development and research of stem cell applications in medical therapies, including use as an experimental agent in the treatment of heart disease, CNS damage, arthritis, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, as well as other diseases involving cellular or tissue damage.

Step-by-Step Cord Blood Banking Process

Step 1

Patient obtains Healthcord Registration Package from:

  • Healthcord, or
  • Physician

Step 2

Patient completes Registration Form and submits the completed forms to Healthcord.

Step 3

Healthcord sends the Cord Blood Collection Kit to the Patient.

Step 4

Patient brings the kit to the hospital on the day of delivery.

Step 5

After the baby is delivered, the Delivering Physician collects the umbilical cord blood using the materials and easy-to-follow instructions provided in the kit. After collection, the Delivering Physician places the sample back into the kit and gives the kit to the Patient for delivery to Healthcord.

Step 6

Patient delivers the Cord Blood Unit (CBU) to Healthcord by courier, or in person.

Step 7

Healthcord immediately processes and banks the cord blood. After the cord blood is successfully banked, the Patient will be immediately notified.